Prevention and safety in the workplace is a process by which hazards are identified, evaluated, and controlled. These principles are well established and widely applicable. The focus of action is to eliminate or control a risk, and to substitute a less hazardous substance or work practice. Preventive measures are a combination of various controls, with engineering solutions being the first step. Psychosocial risks are also considered, and they must be addressed in tandem with the physical and health risks.
The concept of prevention and safety is a way to prevent and reduce risk. These steps may include safety measures during activities such as work, driving, playing sports, or doing household chores. The focus of prevention and control is to ensure the safety and health of the worker by avoiding harmful exposure to various hazards. These principles are especially applicable to the work environment. For example, a person who is a health care worker must be aware of his or her own body and make choices regarding alcohol, tobacco, and sexual activity. A health professional should be aware of any symptoms or signs of disease, and take action when needed.
The principles of prevention apply to all workplaces, and can be categorized according to their risk and severity. To prevent a health problem, the most effective method is to prevent the occurrence of the risk in the first place. However, avoiding a hazard is impossible in all circumstances, so prevention and safety are essential for a safe and healthy workplace. And as long as workers follow the appropriate protective measures, there will be fewer accidents and injuries.